Water is an extremely vital resource for human life, and the water we consume must be safe and clean. Water treatment plants provide clean water for consumption by removing harmful substances and bacteria. In this article, we’ll explore how water treatments work.
First, water is collected from the source, whether a river, lake, or underground aquifer. The water is then screened to remove large debris, such as leaves and sticks.
After screening, the water is sent through a series of processes that vary depending on the water’s source and condition.
The next step is coagulation and flocculation. Coagulants, such as aluminum sulfate or ferric chloride, are added to the water to bind small particles, forming larger particles known as floc. These flocs are then removed through sedimentation or filtration.
After sedimentation or filtration, the water undergoes disinfection. Chlorine, ozone, or ultraviolet light are commonly used to kill any remaining bacteria and viruses.
Then, the treated water is stored in a clear reservoir, ready to be distributed to the community.
It’s important to note that the water treatment process can vary depending on the source and quality of the water. For example, if the water source is contaminated with chemicals or heavy metals, additional processes may be needed to remove these harmful substances.
Water treatments give us clean and safe drinking water. By removing harmful substances and bacteria, these plants help prevent waterborne illnesses from spreading and promote better health and well-being for communities.